Título : A simple model of the electrosensory electromotor loop in Gymnotus omarorum
Autor(es) : Caputi, A.A.
Waddell, J.C.
Aguilera, P.A.
Fecha de publicación : ene-2023
Tipo de publicación: Artículo
Versión: Enviado
Publicado por: Elsevier
Publicado en: Biosystems
Areas del conocimiento : Ciencias Médicas y de la Salud
Medicina Básica
Otros descriptores : Electric fish
Electrosensory processing
Active senses
Novelty response
Resumen : This article introduces and tests a simple model that describes a neural network found in nature, the electrosensory control of an electromotor pacemaker. The cornerstone of the model is an early-stage filter based on the subtraction of a feedforward integrated version of the recent sensory past from the present input signal. The output of this filter governs the modulation of a premotor pacemaker command driving the sensory signal carrier generation and, in consequence, the timing of subsequent electrosensory input. This early filter has a biological parallel in the known connectivity of the first electrosensory relay within the brain stem of the weakly electric fish Gymnotus omarorum. Our biomimetic model of this active, perception driven action-sensation cycle was contrasted with previously published and here provided new data. When the amplitude of the electrosensory input was manipulated to mimic previous experiments on the novelty detection characteristics, the model reproduces them rather faithfully. In addition, when we applied continuous variations to the input it shows that increases in stimulus amplitudes are followed by increases in the EOD rate, but decreases do not cause rate modulation suggesting a rectification in some stage of the loop. These behavioral experiments confirmed results generated the simulations suggesting that beyond explaining the novelty detection process this simple model is a good description of the electrosensory electromotor loop in pulse weakly electric fish.
URI / Handle: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12381/3534
DOI: 10.1016/j.biosystems.2022.104800
Institución responsable del proyecto: Instituto de Investigaciones Biológicas Clemente Estable
Financiadores: Agencia Nacional de Investigación e Innovación
Identificador ANII: FCE_1_2019_1_155541
Nivel de Acceso: Acceso restringido
Aparece en las colecciones: Instituto de Investigaciones Biológicas Clemente Estable

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